Abstract: The recent demand for higher data rate services from wireless network users is overwhelming. Social media influx as well as the proliferation of broadband enabled smart-phones, tablet computers and other newly improved wireless devices has erupted a new trend in wireless network traffic need where average capacity and speed is no longer appreciable. In order to cope with this trend in traffic requirement, wireless network operators are considering a gradual rollover of an existing third generation (3G) network to a fourth generation (4G) network with orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) based technologies such as Fourth Generation Long Term Evolution (4G LTE) and Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX). This paper is devoted to the performance evaluation of Adaptive Modulation and Coding (AMC) in downlink of an orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) network, considering Partial Usage of Sub-channels (PUSC). By using MATLAB Simulink and Origin 61, the performance of Bit Error Rate (BER) and Spectral Efficiency in two channel environments, i.e. non-fading and fading channels were examined. Results suggest better performance for AMC over individual MCS in all channel environments. Moreover, non-fading Addictive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) channels significantly perform better than fading (Rayleigh and Rician) channels. In Rician channel environment, however, flat fading Rician channels perform better than frequency selective Rician channel which interestingly records a degraded performance against Rayleigh channels.
Keywords: third generation (3G), fourth generation (4G), Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA), Long Term Evolution (LTE), Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX), Bit Error Rate (BER), Adaptive Modulation and Coding (AMC), Partial Usage of Sub-channels (PUSC), Rayleigh channels and Rician channels