Abstract: The Transmission Control Protocol is the most widely-used protocol on the internet and the rapidly growing wireless networks. However, it raises a number of issues within an ad-hoc network. It has to deal with new tough challenges such as disconnection and route failures due to mobility congestion and channel loss. In order to adapt TCP to this demanding paradigm, some improvements have been made. These challenges led to the development of High Speed Transmission Control Protocol (HS-TCP) and the Maximum Transmission Control Protocol (MX-TCP).

Keywords: Ad-Hoc Networks, HS-TCP, MX-TCP, Multi-Hop Wireless Networks.