Abstract: Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is perhaps the most spectrally efficient, robust transmission technique discovered so far for communication systems, and it also mitigates the problem of multipath environment. Due to its advantages in multipath fading channel e.g. robust against ISI, ICI and some other advantages like best QoS for multiple users, efficient usage of bandwidth it is suggested to be the modulation technique for next generation 4G networks e.g. LTE. But along with all its advantages there are some disadvantages also e.g. High PAPR (Peak to Average Power Ratio) at the transmitter end and BER (Bit Error Rate) at the receiving end. OFDM is used in the downlink of 4G networks. To reduce the problems of OFDM some techniques e.g. SLM, PTS, Clipping, Coding, & Pre-coding etc are suggested but none of them is reduce the PAPR and BER to an acceptable value. This Paper will discuss some techniques of PAPR & BER reduction, and their advantages and disadvantages in detail.
Keywords: PAPR, BER,OFDM, PAPR reduction techniques.