Abstract: Interference is the major limiting factor when evaluating the performance of cellular radio systems. Sources of interference could be another mobile at the same cell, a call in progress in a neighboring cell or other base stations operating in the same frequency band. Interference on voice channels causes cross talk due to an undesired transmission. On control channels, interference leads to missed and blocked calls due to errors in the digital signaling. Interference is more severe in urban areas, due to the large number of base stations and mobiles. Interference has been recognized as a major bottleneck when looking for increasing capacity and is often responsible for dropped calls. The two major types of system-generated cellular interference are co-channel interference and adjacent channel interference. Even though interfering signals are often generated within the cellular system, they are difficult to control in practice (due to random propagation effects). Even more difficult to control this interference caused out-of-band users, which arises without warning due to front end overload of subscriber equipment or intermittent inter-modulation products. In practice, the transmitters from competing cellular carriers are often a significant source of out-of-band interference, since competitors often locate their base stations in close proximity to one another in order to provide comparable coverage to customers. This paper presents study of co and adjacent channel interferences in second and third generations of cellular radio systems.
Keywords: Frequency Reuse; Co-Channel Interference; Adjacent Channel Interference; Evaluation.