Abstract: This paper investigates the possible use of minor finger knuckle patterns The minorand minor finger knuckle patterns can either be used as independent biometric patterns or employed to improve the performance from the major finger knuckle patterns. A completely automated approach for the minor finger knuckle identification is developed with key steps for region of interest segmentation, image normalization, enhancement, and robust matching to accommodate image variations. This paper also introduces a new or first publicly available database for minor (also major) finger knuckle images from 503 different subjects. By using major and minor fingur knuckle we can accurateliy find out human The efforts to develop an automated minor finger knuckle pattern matching scheme achieve promising results and illustrate its simultaneous use to significantly improve the performance over the conventional finger knuckle identification. Several open questions on the stability and uniqueness of finger knuckle patterns should be addressed before knuckle pattern/image evidence can be admissible as supportive evidence in a court of law. Therefore, this paper also presents a study on the stability of finger knuckle patterns from images acquired with an interval of 47 years. The experimental results and the images presented in this paper provide new insights on themajor and minor finger knuckle pattern and identify the need for further work to exploit finger knuckle patterns in forensics and biometrics applications.

Keywords: major finger knuckle, minor finger knuckle, finger dorsal biometrics, knuckle segmentation, local binary patterns.