Abstract: Resource management is a crucial area of research since the emergence of large-scale computing environments. The userís satisfaction these computing systems depends on the efficiency of resource provisioning. Request Schedulingis a key component of resource provisioning and management. Continuously improving the efficiency of request schedulingprinciples significantly enhances the performance of these systems. A detailed survey of literature presented in this paper helps to understand the course of research in this area.

Keywords: load balancing, client/server, peer-to-peer, grid, cloud.