Abstract: A considerable amount of attention and research has been devoted in recent years to the deployment of Distributed Sensor Networks (DSN) for use in data gathering, healthcare, collaborative information processing and environmental monitoring. This is the Survey paper for study of various Genetic Algorithms to be applied on Distributed Sensor Networks for better performance and results. However these networks are vulnerable to failure eventually due to many reasons. Hence the best suitable GA is to be applied. The main objective of proposed work is to organize such a network which consumes less energy and fault tolerant using Genetic Algorithms. Thus primary stage is to analyze requirements and preliminaries and accordingly plan for solving fault tolerance in Distributed Sensor Networks.

Keywords: DSN, Deployment, Sensor nodes, Genetic Algorithm, Population.