Abstract: In Agriculture, water scarcity in field is one of the major problems for farmers since it affect the yield. To get rid of this problem proper distribution of water in field is required. The proposed work aims to develop a system to sense and monitor real time agricultural environment using wireless sensor network that is smart water distribution system. This is realized by network of FPGA based wireless sensor unit called field module which will be spread across the field to cover area under irrigation. The field module detects the soil moisture and communicates these parameters to FPGA based control unit having motor interfacing so that motor action can be controlled automatically. The information transferring between two modules is through ZigBee. Thus the proposed work provides an automatic controlling of irrigation system for proper management of water and labor cuttings.

Keywords: WSN; ZigBee; FPGA; Irrigation