Abstract: India is the world’s largest democratic country. Fundamental right to vote forms the basis of Indian democracy. In India all earlier elections, be it state elections or central elections a voter used to cast his/her vote to his/her favourite candidate by putting the stamp against his/her name. Then folding the ballot paper as per prescribed method before putting it in the ballot box. This is a long, time-consuming process and prone to errors. Over the years, there was a pronounced increase in the volume of work: millions of ballot papers had to be printed and lakh of ballot boxes had to be manufactured, transported, and kept in storage; and a great amount of time was taken up by the conduct of elections. To overcome these difficulties, the Election Commission of India (ECI) thought of electronic gadgets. The Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), Hyderabad, and Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Bangalore, developed the electronic voting machine in 1981. The proposed Electronic Voting Machine is based on Raspberry Pi model 2B which will be convenient for every citizen at the polling booth. Unique Identification Number (UID)/Aadhar Card will be used for identification of a voter.
Keywords: putting the stamp against his/her name, central elections a voter, Election Commission of India (ECI)