Abstract: In Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) energy, throughput are wide are of interest. These sensor networks make it possible in real time monitoring of the underwater environment. Major challenges that ar4e faced in such environment are low battery power, high bit error rates, low bandwidth availability etc. This paper mainly examines these challenges and possible solutions to overcome the problem by using a cluster based fair data transmission. Our work mainly focuses the formation of cluster that is supported by a metric known as Time Distance Ratio (TDR) and recharging the Cluster Heads by Autonomous Vehicles (AUVs). Finally, by using this strategy we prove that the energy used by sensor networks is lesser than other algorithms.

Keywords: Underwater Sensor Networks, Clustering, Energy Efficient, Autonomous Vehicles, Time-Distance-Ratio