Abstract: Image processing is the analysis and manipulation of a digitized image, especially in order to improve its quality. It is very necessary in case of medical science and other marine images to process the image to improve the quality of research. There are several techniques in this area to process this type of images. Fractal Dimension Calculation is one of the very popular and updated topics in this field to process various images. In fractal geometry, a fractal dimension is a ratio providing a statistical index of complexity comparing how detail in a pattern changes with the scale at which it is measured. In this review article we have provided a detail application of fractal dimension and fractal geometry in the field of various type of image processing like marine images, brain images, human body images etc. We have also provided a 2D image processed by fractal geometry.
Keywords: Fractal, Image Processing, fractal geometry