Abstract: Train transport is major role in everyone’s life. So people’s expectation will be a safe journey. Train journey will be more comfortable than any other means of transport, so most of the people prefer travelling through train. Fire accidents may occur at unexpected situations in train and so handling those problems will be difficult to humans. In this paper, we introduce automatic fire detection and rescue system based on Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) technology to monitor continuously and observe the range of temperature and gas from respective sensors. When the fire is detected, the information gathering unit reports the monitored information to the surveillance centre via Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) and necessary help is arrived at the site. Using an automatic sprinkler system the fire can be put off automatically and the emergency window will be opened automatically with the help of the motor interfaced with the module. Therefore, passengers can be rescued through this window.

Keywords: WSNs, GSM, Automatic Sprinkler System, Temperature Sensor, Gas sensor.