Abstract: This paper presents a review detecting and extracting each frame in video sequence for detecting motion between these frames. In image and video processing, the estimation of motion plays a vital role in video compression as well as multi-frame image enhancement. Disparate as they may seem, these many applications share one common thread in all such applications, the demand is high for accurate estimates of motion requiring minimal computational cost. In this, a new technique called Motion Detection using Pixel Processing is proposed. The proposed technique attempts to decrease the computation time between the current macro-block and the macro-blocks in the reference frame, by stopping the calculation of the sum absolute different between the pixels in the current and the reference frame macro-blocks when the current uncompleted sum absolute value is greater than the previous calculated one. This will use MATLAB tool for simulation.

Keywords: Motion Estimation, background Subtraction, Block Based Method, Pixel Based Method etc.