Abstract: Mobile Ad-Hoc Network (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any stand-alone infrastructure or centralized administration. Due to the mobility of the nodes in the network, these nodes are self-organizing and self-configuring. Not only they act as hosts, but also they function as routers. This paper presents a review on generating a backup path after handling some faults in primary path. Therefore, an efficient route between any two nodes with minimum routing overhead and bandwidth consumption should be established. The design of these routing protocols is challenging due to the mobility and the dynamic nature of the mobile ad-hoc networks. A performance comparison will be conducted to analyse the performance of system. This will use MATLAB tool for simulation.

Keywords: MANET, AODV, Shortest Path, Reactive Routing Protocol etc.