Abstract: The past few decades have seen rapid growth in consumption of dairy products in several parts of the developing world. According to a study by Food and Agriculture Organization under the United Nations, it is predicted that there will be 68% higher demand for milk and milk products by 2050. With the ever growing demand a major concern is the low milk yield of cows. The potential of increase in dairy consumption remains significant, as population levels continue to grow in developing countries, especially in countries like India. The focus of this work is to design a lightweight and smart IoT wearable device strapped around the cow's neck to help farmers to monitor the vitals of cows through various sensors and hence monitor cattle health, which contributes to a healthy reproductive cycle and therefore leads to an improved milk yield. The IoT wearable device measures temperature, position activity and behaviour (Eating, sleeping, lameness). LoRa communication protocol is the IoT technology used for the communication of this information. The IoT wearable is the LoRa device which transmit the cattle’s health information and the data is received by a LoRa gateway, which is the data hub of all received sensor data from the cattle. The collected data is then sent to cloud from the LoRa gateway. Data analytics is done on the cloud and a report is generated detailing the health of each cow in the farm. Based on this report the farmer can approach a vet, nutritionist, agronomist to get actionable intelligence to improve the cow’s milk yield. The results obtained from the testing of the PoC prototype on cattle in a farm are presented.
Keywords: Improve Dairy Output, IoT Wearable Device, LoRa Protocol, Cloud Data Analytics
| DOI: 10.17148/IJARCCE.2019.8619