Abstract: Secure password storage is a vital aspect in systems based on password authentication, which is still the most widely used authentication technique, despite its some security flaws. In the password authentication framework that is designed for secure password storage and could be easily integrated into existing authentication systems. In our framework, first, the received plain password from a client is hashed through a cryptographic hash function (e.g., SHA-256). Then, the serialized code is converted into a negative password. Finally, the negative password is encrypted into an Encrypted Negative Password (abbreviated as ENP) using a Hashing algorithm (e.g., SHA 152), and multi iteration encryption could be employed to further improve security. The cryptographic hash function and symmetric encryption make it difficult to crack passwords from ENPs. Moreover, there are lots of corresponding ENPs for a given plain password, which makes pre computation attacks (e.g., lookup table attack and rainbow table attack) infeasible. The algorithm complexity analyses and comparisons show that the ENP could resist lookup table attack and provide stronger password protection under dictionary attack. It is worth mentioning that the ENP does not introduce extra elements.
| DOI: 10.17148/IJARCCE.2021.10764