Abstract: Brain tumor can be classified into two types: benign and malignant. The brain tumors, are the most common and aggressive disease, leading to a very short life expectancy in their highest grade. Thus, treatment planning is a key stage to improve the quality of life of patients. Generally, various image techniques such as Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and ultrasound image are used to evaluate the tumor in a brain, lung, liver, breast, prostate…etc. Especially, in this work MRI images are used to diagnose tumor in the brain. However the huge amount of data generated by MRI scan thwarts manual classification of tumor vs non-tumor in a particular time. But it having some limitation (i.e) accurate quantitative measurements is provided for limited number of images. Hence trusted and automatic classification scheme are essential to prevent the death rate of human.

The automatic brain tumor classification is very challenging task in large spatial and structural variability of surrounding region of brain tumor. In this work, automatic brain tumor detection is proposed by using Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) classification. The deeper architecture design is performed by using small kernels. The weight of the neuron is given as small. Experimental results show that the CNN archives rate of 97.5% accuracy with low complexity and compared with the all other state of arts methods.

Brain tumor identification is really challenging task in early stages of life. But now it became advanced with various machine learning and deep learning algorithms. Now a day’s issue of brain tumor automatic identification is of great interest. In Order to detect the brain tumor of a patient we consider the data of patients like MRI images of a patient’s brain. Here our problem is to identify whether tumor is present in patient’s brain or not. It is very important to detect the tumors at starting level for a healthy life of a patient. There are many literatures on detecting these kinds of brain tumors and improving the detection accuracies.

The segmentation, detection, and extraction of infected tumor area from magnetic resonance (MR) images are a primary concern but a tedious and time taking task performed by radiologists or clinical experts, and their accuracy depends on their experience only. So, the use of computer aided technology becomes very necessary to overcome this limitation. We estimate the brain tumor severity using Convolutional Neural Network algorithm which gives us accurate results.

Keywords: Tumor Detection, Convolutional Neural Network, Gaussian Filters, MRI Images, Brain.

PDF | DOI: 10.17148/IJARCCE.2021.10463

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