Abstract: Brain Tumour segmentation is one of the most crucial and arduous tasks in the terrain of medical image processing as a human-assisted manual classification can result in inaccurate prediction and diagnosis. Moreover, it is an aggravating task when there is a large amount of data present to be assisted. Brain tumours have high diversity in appearance and there is a similarity between tumour and normal tissues and thus the extraction of tumour regions from images becomes unyielding. In this paper, we proposed a method to extract brain tumour from 2D Magnetic Resonance brain Images (MRI) by Fuzzy C-Means clustering algorithm which was followed by traditional classifiers and convolutional neural network. The experimental study was carried on a real-time dataset with diverse tumour sizes, locations, shapes, and different image intensities. In traditional classifier part, we applied six traditional classifiers namely Support Vector Machine (SVM), K-Nearest Neighbour (KNN), Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), Logistic Regression, Naïve Bayes and Random Forest which was implemented in sickest-learn. Afterward, we moved on to Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) which is implemented using Keras and Tensor flow because it yields to a better performance than the traditional ones. In our work, CNN gained an accuracy of 97.87%, which is very compelling. The main aim of this paper is to distinguish between normal and abnormal pixels, based on texture based and statistical based features.
| DOI: 10.17148/IJARCCE.2021.10322