Abstract: The paper presents a novel algorithm called Modified End-to-End Secure Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (ME-LEACH) for extending the lifetime of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Energy constraints are a significant challenge in WSNs, and thus, efficient energy usage is essential for all activities within a WSN. Existing protocols have been introduced to address energy dissipation issues, such as the End-to-End Secure Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (E-LEACH) protocol, which is a hierarchical routing algorithm. However, E-LEACH suffers from high energy consumption as each Cluster Head (CH) directly sends data to the base station. In the proposed ME-LEACH method, a CH identifies the nearest CH and uses it as the next hop, forming a chain of CHs that serve as a path to the base station or sink. This approach aims to improve energy efficiency in WSNs and reduce energy dissipation during data transmission. The widespread applications of WSNs in various fields of science and technology highlight the significance of this research.

Keywords: LEACH, Wireless Sensor Network, WSN, Cluster Head 

PDF | DOI: 10.17148/IJARCCE.2023.12483

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