Abstract: we aim to develop a prediction system using machine learning to detect and classify the presence of diabetes in e-healthcare environment using Ensemble Decision Tree Algorithms for high feature selection. A significant attention has been made to the accurate detection of diabetes which is a big challenge for the research community to develop a diagnosis system to detect diabetes in a successful way in the e-healthcare environment. The existing diagnosis systems have some drawbacks, such as high computation time, and low prediction accuracy. To handle these issues, we have proposed diagnosis system using machine learning methods, such as preprocessing of data, feature selection, and classification for the detection of diabetes disease in e- healthcare environment. Model validation and performance evaluation metrics have been used to check the validity of the proposed system. We have proposed a filter method based on the Decision Tree algorithm for highly important feature selection. Two ensemble learning Decision Tree algorithms, such as Ada Boost and Random Forest are also used for feature selection and compared the classifier performance with Wrapper based feature selection algorithms also. Machine learning classifier Decision Tree has been used for the classification of healthy and diabetic subjects. The experimental results show that the Decision Tree algorithm based on selected features improves the classification performance of the predictive model and achieved optimal accuracy. Additionally, the proposed system performance is high as compared to
the previous state-of-the-art methods. High performance of the proposed method is due to the different combinations of selected features set. Furthermore, the experimental results statistical analysis demonstrated that the proposed method would be effectively detected diabetes disease.

Index Terms: Machine Learning , Random Forest, PIMA Dataset, IDT-3, ADA Boost, e-Health Care.

PDF | DOI: 10.17148/IJARCCE.2022.115170

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