Abstract: Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is a disease that damages retinal blood vessels and leads to blindness. Usually, colored fundus shots are used to diagnose this irreversible disease. The manual analysis (by clinicians) of the mentioned images is monotonous and error-prone. Hence, various computer vision hands-on engineering techniques are applied to predict the occurrences of the DR and its stages automatically. The VGG16, spatial pyramid pooling layer (SPP) and network-in-network (NiN) are stacked to make a highly nonlinear scale-invariant deep model called the VGG-NiN model. The proposed VGG-NiN model can process a DR image at any scale due to the SPP layer’s virtue

PDF | DOI: 10.17148/IJARCCE.2023.12559

Open chat
Chat with IJARCCE