Abstract: Brain activity may be modified safely and painlessly using non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) methods. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) are two NIBS approaches that can be used to improve cognitive and motor function, treat neurological and psychiatric illnesses, and learn more about the anatomy and physiology of the brain. These methods alter the excitability and plasticity of neurons by introducing electrical currents or magnetic fields into certain brain areas. Though it is still in its infancy, NIBS has shown promising results in enhancing memory and learning in healthy people, lowering depressive symptoms, and restoring motor function in stroke patients. To completely comprehend the NIBS processes and maximize its therapeutic applicability, additional study is necessary.

PDF | DOI: 10.17148/IJARCCE.2023.12557

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