Abstract: In the 21st century, we have observed a boom in the number of vehicles owned by people, but this sudden surge of automobiles led to the challenge of creating suitable parking and their maintenance. Although the parking of these vehicles was managed initially by manual labour, at this point of time it is a daunting task especially when the parking of these vehicles spans over multiple floors and every nook and cranny needs to be allocated specifically for the vehicles types and needs.

With the emergence of electric vehicle all around the word in an effort to save the planet parking lots are being modified to accommodate charging ports for such vehicles and this would be a great time to inculcate additional features and controls to the parking to greatly reduce the reliance of humans and have a record of every activity happening inside the parking area.

Although some limited number of parking lots have basic levels of electronic governance, an upgrade to fully monitored system is a much-needed change. As we have a responsibility to reduce wastage, it would also be wise to add on more features on top of the existing system without compromising efficiency while reducing the cost of products significantly. Therefore, choosing a modular approach is the wisest decision as when required more features could be added and older features could be removed from it without the need to remake the whole system.

The main objective of this study is shed some light on the possibilities of improving such a system by adding more features and exploring possibilities for specified needs. The above mentioned would be aimed for while keeping in conditions like energy efficiency, cost efficiency and feasibility. In this study, the application would consider multiple real life factors using sensors like PIR(Passive infrared), Ultra-Sonic sensor, cameras etc and the compiled result would be used to help run the setup while notifying drives when needed using actuators like buzzer, lights etc. As the functionality of the application is unlimited, it would greatly benefit if it is connected to the internet, but even without the connectivity, it could be a self-reliant system which is able to perform its tasks in real time.

Keywords: Parking automation, IOT, Raspberry Pi, Grid System, Arduino, Modular.

PDF | DOI: 10.17148/IJARCCE.2020.9716

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