Abstract: India's economy is based largely on agriculture, which supports nearly 70% of the population. To meet the global population's demand for food, agriculture's yield needs to be rapidly increased. The Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a modern technology used to address a variety of current issues. In many fields, including transportation, medicine, the military, mobile phones, home appliances, and others, WSN is crucial. All living things rely on agriculture as one of their major food sources.

Agriculture crops, however, are now impacted by numerous environmental changes. WSN plays a significant role in the field of agriculture to combat this. WSN is used in agriculture for monitoring, temperature measurement, irrigation system measurement, water supply measurement, and other tasks. WSN enables the farmer to increase crop production while lowering yield costs. Climate change, environmental change, and natural disasters all have an impact on agriculture. The management of soil and water can be done using WSN. Here, wireless sensors are utilised, resulting in very low implementation costs. In this study, the crops are observed using wireless sensor nodes.

Sensors can be used to measure temperature, humidity, and other theft indicators. Agriculture's productivity is boosted as a result. Automatic processes reduce the need for human effort and encourage farmers to develop their farmland. Using GPS, the location of the farmland can be transmitted. The use of sensors, Wi-Fi, cameras, and other devices helps to make agriculture as smart as possible. All collected data are kept in memory or the cloud. Thus, this system helps the agriculturists, landowners and research experts to monitor these parameters at the base station without going to the field site. The measured data is appropriately archived in the database and displayed using a GUI tool as well. The system's design incorporated the IRIS mote, MDA100 data acquisition board, and MIB520 USB interface board. We use Microsoft Visual Studio to create the GUI tool and the TinyOS operating system to create the wireless node software. For node-to-base station communication, the direct topology and ZigBee IEEE 802.15.4 protocol are utilised. Finally, we also talk about potential future research areas.


PDF | DOI: 10.17148/IJARCCE.2023.12597

Open chat
Chat with IJARCCE