Abstract: Solar energy is one of the most promising renewable sources of energy, and solar cells are the key components for converting sunlight into electricity. However, traditional silicon-based solar cells are limited by their relatively low efficiency and high manufacturing costs. Thin film technologies offer a potential solution to these problems by providing a more efficient and cost-effective alternative to traditional solar cells. In this report, we review recent developments in thin film technologies for improving the efficiency of solar cells. We discuss different types of thin film materials, including cadmium telluride, copper indium gallium selenide, and perovskites, and their potential for improving the efficiency of solar cells. We also review different manufacturing techniques for thin film solar cells, including physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, and solution-based methods. Finally, we discuss the challenges and opportunities associated with thin film technologies and their potential to revolutionize the solar energy industry. Overall, thin film technologies have the potential to significantly improve the efficiency of solar cells and reduce the cost of solar energy, making it a more viable and sustainable source of energy for the future.

PDF | DOI: 10.17148/IJARCCE.2023.12517

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